Yue Hou is currently an assistant professor in the Department of Political Science at the University of Pennsylvania. She is the CSCC 2015-2016 postdoctoral fellow. She received her Ph.D. in political science from MIT in September 2015. Her substantive interests include authoritarian institutions, ethnic politics, and business-state relations. Methodologically, she explores innovative ways to obtain data on authoritarian governance and to improve accuracy and efficiency of survey-based measures. Her book project, Participatory Autocracy: Private Entrepreneurs, Legislatures, and Property Protection in China, addresses the puzzle of why individuals in authoritarian systems seek office in formal institutions such as legislatures, which are often dismissed as weak and ineffective. Drawing on a wide variety of evidence including in-depth interviews, a nationally representative survey of private entrepreneurs and field experiments, she shows that individuals seek office mainly to protect their property from government expropriation in China. She received her B.A. in Economics and Mathematics from Grinnell College.